N. sylvatica var. Its sibling, the Water Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee Lime, another Tupelo. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. var. N.C. FRUIT: ellipsoid drupe to ca. sylvatica), while others suggest it is a variety which will hybridize with black tupelo. (2010). sylvatica April-June Sept-Oct Sept-Nov N. sylvatica late March- var. Unless you live on the country’s southeast coastal area, you may never have seen a swamp tupelo (Cornaceae Nyssa biflora), let alone heard of it. Nyssa biflora Walter: Common Name: SWAMP TUPELO: Plant Notes: A recent study regarded N. biflora as a species and that it diverged from N. sylvatica approximately 11-13 million years ago (Zhou et al. - Determined By: B. F. Hansen, Jul 2010 Nyssa ursina Small : Locality: USA. ALTERNATE COMMON NAME: swamp blackgum. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Black Gum’s fall fruit are sour and bitter Nyssus: Tart Botanical Tangles. Fruit: Fruit Color: Purple/Lavender Fruit Type: Drupe Fruit Length: < 1 inch Fruit Description: dark purplish blue drupe ½-⅝ inch long, They are available August-October. biflora). Germination is rapid in moist, drained conditions at 21 °C (70 °F) and higher. Fruit: Dark purplish-blue drupe, 1/2 to 5/8 inch long, prominent longitudinal, ridges on pit, slightly larger than Nyssa sylvatica. It is found naturally in floofed swamps, pinelands, and pocosins. 13 air mi. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. The reported southern limit of N. ... overshadowing the obvious differences in leaf shape and flower/fruit numbers. 1981. ), swamp cyrilla (Cyrilla racemiflora), swamp-privet (Forestiera acuminata), Carolina ash (Fraxinus caroliniana), loblolly-bay (Gordonia lasianthus), dahoon (Ilex cassine), inkberry (I. glabra), yaupon (I. vomitoria), fetterbush lyonia (Lyonia lucida), and bayberry (Myrica spp.). Plant Citations. Comparison of germination responses of cleaned seeds of swamp tupelo (Nyssa biflora) and black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) and cleaned seeds and seeds within intact fruits of swamp tupelo across all times of stratification. Take one of the fruit, and strip the pulp off; if the stone is smooth or just faintly ridged, then Black Tupelo, if strongly ridged, then Swamp Tupelo. Nyssa sylvatica Marsh. Quote. Huntley, J. C., and C. E. McGee. Trees of the Southeastern United States. When Nyssa biflora has been observed flowering at Longwood Gardens : 2016 ^Top of Page. Black Gum, Tupelo, Pepperidge. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Sara. The bluish black fruit ripen in September and October. Nyssa biflora, Swamp Tupelo, Swamp Blackgum, Swamp Gum, Water Gum. sylvaticaBlack Tupelo (typical) ... (Nyssa sylvatica var. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Its glossy green leaves and beautiful fall foliage make it a popular landscaping tree. The size of the seeds differs from blackgum/black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) to swamp tupelo/water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), with … Nyssa biflora, in turn, is represented by var. ViburnumValley Scott County, KY(Zone 5b) Jul 06, 2007. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. biflora (Walt.) The Black Tupelo is an old friend from around ponds where I grew up in Maine to around ponds (called lakes) here in Florida. Pas de maladies et parasites à signaler. Kenneth W. Outcalt. Nyssa sylvatica v biflora - true swamp species found with cypress. biflora (T. Walter) C.S. [3], The swamp tupelo has minute greenish-white flowers that appear in the spring with the leaves, usually in late April. Nyssa sylvatica with mature fruit, starting to show fall coloring. (black gum) are closely related species of trees native to North America. 0.4” long, blackish when mature; pit with several low rounded longitudinal ribs ; TWIGS: slender, grayish brown, pith diaphragmed; BARK: light gray, irregularly furrowed and ridged; FORM: medium sized tree 60-100’ tall, bases often buttressed on larger trees, proximal branches spreading to slightly drooping Nyssa biflora and N. ursina are much more restricted in distribution. Misidentifications abound. Cleaned seeds and seeds within intact fruits were stratified for 0, 14, 28, 42, 56, 70, 84, and 112 d in the dark at 5 °C. Its range extends north up the Mississippi Valley to southern Arkansas and west and south Tennessee. ), which is indigenous to swamps and bottomlands of the southeastern United States, might also be a marketable shade tree. It grows in swamps along the east coast and in the Deep South. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report SO-16. ... Small mammals and birds will eat the fruit. FLOWER: greenish, long peduncles, axillary cluster; flowers when leaves are almost fully out. The flowers provide nectar for bees. The fruit, a drupe, changes from green to a dark blue as it ripens, usually in early November. Resin. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Black Tupelo Cornaceae Dogwood family N. sylvatica Marsh. Unfortunately, it is usually not grown by many nurseries. Gallery. Nyssa est un genre botanique composé de 9 à 11 espèces d'arbres présents en Asie et Amérique du Nord, ainsi que plusieurs autres espèces aujourd'hui éteintes en Asie, Amérique et Europe. When Nyssa biflora has been observed flowering at Longwood Gardens : 2016 ^Top of Page. Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical or narrowly obovate, entire margins, 3 to 6 inches long, 1 to 2 inches wide. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. biflora: Collection Date: May 12, 2006: Bar Code ID: 000059928: UUID: 4e6f85d3-1153-4fbe-8de7-d0fb6f764a7e: Collectors: Loran C. Anderson Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Nyssa biflora, fruit - immature image N. aquatica demande un sol toujours frais à marécageux et acide. Comparison of germination responses of cleaned seeds of swamp tupelo (Nyssa biflora) and black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) and cleaned seeds and seeds within intact fruits of swamp tupelo across all times of stratification. Nyssa L. (Nyssaceae) A genus of about eight to ten species of trees and shrubs; e. North America, e. Asia, se. Best growth is achieved on sites where the soil is continuously saturated with very shallow moving water. the former N. ursina) clade (blue) and a N. sylvatica (incl. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae. Nyssa sylvatica is an important food source for many migrating birds in the fall [autumn]. Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. ; N. villosa Michx. Tupelo / ˈ t uː p ɪ l oʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈ n ɪ s ə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Nyssa biflora Walter - Determined By: L. C. Noel, 27-Apr-2018: Determination History: Nyssa sylvatica Marshall var. biflora (Walt.) Form: Tree: Size: 60-80 ft tall by 40 ft wide: Life Span: Long-lived perennial: Flower Color: NA: Fruit Color: NA: Phenology: Deciduous: Noted for: Fall color, Hurricane wind resistance: Landscaping. Synonyms: N. multiflora Wangenh. In the past, hollowed swamp tupelo trunks, also called black gum, were used as bee hives and rabbit traps, called bee-gums and rabbit-gums. Plant Specifics. long, 1 1 ⁄ 2 to 3 in. Nyssa sylvatica is an important food source for many migrating birds in the fall [autumn]. Narrow leaves, deeply ridged seeds. Also, birds and small mammals will make nests and cavities in the tree. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. GENERAL INFORMATION Scientific name: Nyssa ogeche no. [3], The swamp tupelo grows in humid warm climates. Swamp tupelo grows in headwater swamps, strands, ponds, river bottoms, bays, estuaries, and low coves. ... (Nyssa biflora) rather than a variety of black tupelo (N. sylvatica var. Nyssa biflora Walter: Common Name: Swamp Tupelo; Water Gum; Swamp Black Gum: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: ** Duration: ** Category: ** USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: Swamp Tupelo is a native deciduous tree in the Sour Gum family (Nyssaceae). The Nyssa family is also highly sought after by bee keepers because of the special tasting and non-crystallizing honey they help produce. This plant has a beautiful red fall color. Nyssa biflora Leaf: Nyssa biflora Fruit: Nyssa biflora ^Top of Page. This plant is mostly dioecious: male plants are helpful in getting a female fruit set. The size of the seeds differs from blackgum/black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) to swamp tupelo/water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), with blackgum being smaller fruit at 3/8" - 1/2" and swamp tupelo larger at 1".Swamp tupelo is also supposed to have larger leaves (to 7") but that trait will be variable. Although N. sylvatica is prevalent in the nursery trade, little is known about the horticultural potential of N. biflora. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin … Fine Gardening. Tupelos: Black, Swamp, Bear, Water, Ogeechee by DEANE. The fruit, a drupe, changes from green to a dark blue as it ripens, usually in early November in South Carolina. Flowers: Flower Color: Green White Flower Inflorescence: Insignificant Flower Bloom Time: Spring Flower Description: Flowers bloom April-June. The pulp of its fruit is technically edible, extremely sour and extremely bitter, which is why it is usually used in sweetened preserves. Its early color change (foliar fruit flagging) is thought to attract birds to the available fruit, which ripen before many other fall fruits and berries. This slow-growing tree is difficult to transplant so choose its location wisely. Nyssa biflora. Nyssa biflora, communément appelé tupelo des marais (swamp tupelo), ou swamp black-gum [2] est une espèce de tupelo appréciant les habitats marécageux.. Florida. Submergence during the dormant season, however, has no adverse effect. A variety of the Black Tupelo is called the Swamp Black Tupelo (N. sylvatica, var. Related Taxa: Some authorities separate a Southeastern US subtaxa, Nyssa sylvatica H. Marsh. Sargent, with more flared trunks, more blunt leaves and prominently ribbed stones in the fruit as a distinct variety, whereas others accord it species rank as Nyssa biflora T. Walter The tree shows the complex diverged into two-clades, a N. biflora (incl. Nyssa biflora is frequent and abundant in the Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies community type as described in Carr et al. [3] The seeds normally overwinter and germinate the following spring. biflora.) Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Seed dispersal. p. 62-64. Literature Cited. 2018). Flower: Pale green, small, males occur in large clusters, females in smaller groups, appearing with the leaves. Powered by Find a Plant Discover What's in Bloom Locate a Garden Feature Take a Tour: LONGWOOD GARDENS 1001 Longwood Road The Nyssa family is … [3], Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T156812021A156821785.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyssa_biflora&oldid=964586389, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from public domain works of the United States Government, Articles needing additional references from May 2012, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 June 2020, at 11:13. This tree grows well on dry soil profiles. Bookmark. It works well in a naturalized area, as a lawn, or street tree, or a low-lying area of the yard as it withstands wet sits well. Also known as Nyssa sylvatica var. ID 56669 Symbol Key NYBI Common Name swamp tupelo Family Cornaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, SC, TN, TX, VA Growth Habit… Nyssa biflora Walter — Swamp Tupelo, Water Gum, Swamp Black Gum. Fruit: Fruit Color: Black Blue Display/Harvest Time: Fall Summer Fruit Length: 1-3 inches Fruit Width: < 1 inch Fruit Description: Female trees only. It is by John Ruter at University of Georgia. var. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. swamp tupelo Cornaceae Nyssa biflora Walter symbol: NYBI. Phenology. 0.6 air mi. Also known as Nyssa sylvatica var. Nyssa sylvatica biflora. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 … Asia, and Central America. biflora. (a) Dated phylogenetic trees resulting from analyses of M50 full sequences with reduced sampling of the Nyssa sylvatica complex using BEAST. 159. (2010). alternate simple elliptical entire margined 3-6 inch long 1-2 inch wide leaf. These specialized roots tolerate high carbon dioxide concentrations, oxidize the rhizosphere, and carry on anaerobic respiration. A deciduous tree occasionally 100 ft high in the wild, with a trunk up to 5 ft in thickness and a furrowed bark. (swamp tupelo) and Nyssa sylvatica Marsh. General timing of flowering, and fruit ripening and dispersal for the two varieties is as follows [10,19,26]: Flowering Fruit ripening Fruit dispersal N. sylvatica var. Nyssa biflora is frequent and abundant in the Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies community type as described in Carr et al. Middle-aged Ogeechee Tupelo. Sargent, with more flared trunks, more blunt leaves and prominently ribbed stones in the fruit as a distinct variety, whereas others accord it species rank as Nyssa biflora T. Walter N. biflora has been observed flowering in March, April, and May, as well as in September and October. sylvatica) and swamp tupelo (var. Nyssa biflora Leaf: Nyssa biflora Fruit: Nyssa biflora ^Top of Page. The leaves are 3”-6” long and 1.5”-3” wide, and can have a wavy edge. ... N. biflora (Swamp tupelo) 2. Often the trunks of the Swamp Tupelo tree when submerged in water become enlarged into a swollen base that when hollowed out is used as a bee hive. Tolerant of heat. & fruit season other: Water tupelo Nyssa aquatica: NCS: white blue-purple: Sp F: t: Blackgum Nyssa biflora: NCS: white green-dark blue: Sp F: t: Ogeechee tupelo Nyssa ogeche: NCS: white reddish: Sp F: t: Sour gum Nyssa sylvatica: NCS: white blue-black: Sp F: t: Codes: N=north C=central S=south: Sp=spring Su=summer F=fall W=winter: a=annual ursina (Samll) Wen & Stuessy. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. [3], The type of water regime is more important to growth of swamp tupelo than the soil type. (2014) p … These are trees that thrive in wet bottomland soils. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Recommended Uses: Grows naturally in swamps and best planted in moist areas. After germination, seedlings must grow rapidly to keep the apex and leaves above water, because prolonged submergence during active growth will kill them. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The range of N. biflora is mostly confined to the coastal plain from New Jersey to southeastern Texas, while N. ursina is restricted to six counties in northwestern Florida (Calhoun, Wakulla, Liberty, Franklin, Gulf, and Bay) that falls within the range of N. biflora ( Eyde, 1963 , Fernald, 1935 , Ward, 2008 ). ursina. Nyssa ogeche Figure 1. Flowers are a nectar source for bees. . Even though the Swamp Tupelo tree, Nyssa biflora, is commonly found growing in wet swampy areas. Gallery. Liste d'espèces. Nyssa biflora Walt. Swamp tupelo grows chiefly in the coastal plains from Delaware, eastern Maryland, and southeastern Virginia, south to southern Florida and west to eastern Texas. Duncan, Wilbur Howard. In autumn the trees put on a brilliant display of colorful foliage ranging from vivid yellow to deep purple, which would make Ogeechee-Lime a popular landscape choice. Insects, primarily bees, are the major pollinating vector, but pollen is also spread by wind. Nyssa biflora Walter: Common Name: SWAMP TUPELO: Plant Notes: A recent study regarded N. biflora as a species and that it diverged from N. sylvatica approximately 11-13 million years ago (Zhou et al. Soil studies on southern hardwoods. And just to make that more complicated ... and veneers. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems. Recommended Uses: ... Nyssa sylvatica var. Thus, they are the key to the species ability to thrive under flooded conditions. [3], Swamp tupelo normally develops a taproot and has a swollen base to the mean height of the growing season water level. Applequist, M. B. Post #3702096. Ogeechee Tupelo1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION First discovered by William Bartram along the Ogeechee River in Georgia, Ogeechee-Lime is a lovely native tree which reaches 40 feet in height and is pyramidal when young, maturing to a spreading, flat-topped crown (Fig. The fruit is quite marked, dark blue, in clusters of two or three. swamp tupelo Cornaceae Nyssa biflora Walter symbol: NYBI Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical or narrowly obovate, entire margins, 3 to 6 inches long, 1 to 2 inches wide. Description [modifier | modifier le code]. biflora (Walter) Sarg. its former varieties) clade indicated in orange in the mid-Miocene. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin … 1959. The juice of the latter is used like… lime juice. Plant Specifics. Var. Sarg.). biflora. Gulf Co.: W side of Little Sandy Creek (= Alligator Creek), ca. There are from one … Le fruit est une drupe oblongue de 2,5 à 4 cm, pourpre foncé à maturité, solitaire au bout d'un long pédoncule. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. FRUIT: plum like, 1/2 inch long, black; pit with distinct ribs; 1 or 2 fruit per stalk. Leaf miners and scale are occasional visitors. NJ south to FL west to TX AK MI IL east through KY VI and MD. 1). Nyssa sylvaticais a member of the dogwood family. The female of the species has half-inch long dark blue-black fruit in the fall around when the leaves turn scarlet, purple, and yellow. biflora and var. The fluted base of the Water Tupelo is especially favored by carvers. Image 1610379 is of swamp tupelo (Nyssa biflora ) fruit(s). Species: Nyssa sylvatica var. Growth can be reduced as much as 50 percent when the water is stagnant, as in ponds. Nyssa sylvaticaMarsh. lumber, veneer, paper pulp, railroad ties, flooring, rollers in glass factories, blocks, gunstocks, and pistol grips. Fruits are attractive to birds and small mammals. However some botanists think the swamp version is a different species and call it Nyssa biflora. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Nyssa biflora, commonly referred to as the swamp tupelo, or swamp black-gum is a species of tupelo that lives in wetland habitats. Leaves: Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Red/Burgundy Seeds are dispersed by gravity and birds, some carried away by water. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). [3], Trees and shrubs commonly associated with swamp tupelo are red maple (Acer rubrum), buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), buckwheat-tree (Cliftonia monophylla), dogwood (Cornus spp. It is seldom found on sites that are not inundated much of the growing season. Swamp tupelo grows chiefly in the coastal plains from Delaware, eastern Maryland, and southeastern Virginia, south to southern Florida and west to eastern Texas. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA. Three species occur in North Carolina; all are considered native to the state. The fruit of N. biflora is a drupe that ripens in the fall and turns from green to dark blue when mature. In Southern fruit-producing woody plants used by wildlife. LEAVES: alternate, simple, deciduous; 2-4" long, shiny, smooth; variable shaped - broadly lanceolate to obovate to elliptical, margins smooth or irregularly toothed, thick. (1988) p 178(213) Parts Shown: Fruit, Leaf Photo. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. 2018). These misidentifications have led to quite large errors in the range assigned to Nyssa sylvatica. Leaves of variable shape, but oftenest obovate or oval, with a tapering base, 3 to 6 in. It is native to most of Alabama. Water roots, which develop under flooded conditions, help support the tree and capture nutrients. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. It can also grow on drier sites with rich acid soils. Cleaned seeds and seeds within intact fruits were stratified for 0, 14, 28, 42, 56, 70, 84, and 112 d in the dark at 5 °C. Form: Tree: Size: 60-80 ft tall by 40 ft wide: Life Span: Long-lived perennial: Flower Color: NA: Fruit Color: NA: Phenology: Deciduous: Noted for: Fall color, Hurricane wind resistance: Landscaping. Fruits can make a slight mess of a sidewalk, driveway or patio. Key to Nyssa in North Carolina 1. Production of seeds of N. biflora varies from year to year, and late freezes may impair seed Germination does not take place under water, but submerged seeds germinate once the water subsides below the soil surface. Le tupelo des marais pousse principalement dans les plaines côtières du Delaware, de l'est du Maryland et du sud-est de la Virginie, du sud de la Floride et de l'ouest à l'est du Texas. in Edible Raw, Fruits/Berries, Jam/Jelly, plants, Spice/Seasoning, Trees/Shrubs . Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Black gum is a deciduous shade tree that prefers full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained acidic soils. Its early color change (foliar fruit flagging) is thought to attract birds to the available fruit, which ripen before many other fall fruits and berries. Nyssa aquatica requiert les expositions suivantes : lumière,soleil. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Normally it does not grow in the deeper parts of swamps or overflow river bottoms. Swamp tupelo is best adapted to wet, acid bottomlands, where its lower trunk is buttressed or swollen. Its range extends north up the Mississippi Valley to southern Arkansas and west and south Tennessee. NE of creek crossing at the Bay County line, ca. 5. Swamp Tupelo occurs in swamps, in depression ponds, along streams and rivers, and in … fruits : petites drupes oléagineuses oblongues de 1 à 3 cm d'un bleu-noirâtre luisant, ... J.Wen & Stuessy et Nyssa biflora var. Nyssa biflora. Nyssa biflora, commonly referred to as the swamp tupelo, or swamp black-gum[2] is a species of tupelo that lives in wetland habitats. Notons que les jeunes sujets sont sensibles aux gelées. biflora June Aug-Oct Sept-Dec Nyssa L. (Nyssaceae) A genus of about eight to ten species of trees and shrubs; e. North America, e. Asia, se. Flower: Pale green, small, males occur in large clusters, females in smaller groups, appearing with the leaves. One of its common names, swamp tupelo, is derived from the Native American Creek "ito opilwa," meaning swamp tree. Swamp Tupelo. Flowers are generally small and not notable. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Nyssa biflora, Swamp Tupelo, Swamp Blackgum, Swamp Gum, Water Gum. Diseases and parasites. Canker, leaf spots and rust can effect stressed trees. They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: black tupelo on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottom lands. dark purplish blue drupe ½-⅝ inch long, They are available August-October. Asia, and Central America. The fruit is quite marked, dark blue, in clusters of two or three. The authors of a new study (HortScience, June 2016) say that another Nyssa species, swamp tupelo (Nyssa biflora Walt. Intermittent flooding, with periodic drying cycles, or continuous deep flooding even by moving water, also reduces growth. biflora (T. Walter) C.S. ursina is endemic to Florida. It not only tolerates flooding but actually thrives under those conditions. Other plant Problems: no serious Problems is stagnant, as in ponds make! Birds will eat the fruit, Leaf Photo N. ursina ) clade ( blue ) and furrowed. 2 fruit per stalk oblongues de 1 à 3 cm d'un bleu-noirâtre luisant,... J.Wen Stuessy. ’ s fall fruit are Sour and bitter Nyssus: Tart Botanical.. ( typical )... ( Nyssa biflora, is derived from the native American ``! Partial shade and moist, drained conditions at 21 °C ( 70 °F ) and a N.,. Indicator status even by moving water be reduced as much as 50 percent when the water is stagnant as... Entire margined 3-6 inch long, 1 1 ⁄ 2 to 3.. Showing physiographic provinces within the nyssa biflora fruit and Georgia where the plant has been observed flowering at Longwood Gardens 2016! Et acide a variety of the growing season, veneer, paper pulp, railroad ties, flooring, in. D'Un bleu-noirâtre luisant,... J.Wen & Stuessy et Nyssa biflora, swamp tupelo the... 50 percent when the water tupelo is best adapted to wet, acid bottomlands, its! Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | our... Wetland habitats all are considered native to the species ability to thrive under flooded conditions ( 70 °F and... 1610379 is of swamp tupelo, swamp Blackgum, swamp Blackgum, Blackgum... Growth of swamp tupelo ( typical )... ( Nyssa biflora it does not grow the. Greenish, long peduncles, axillary cluster ; flowers when leaves are 3 ” ”. Of swamps or overflow river bottoms L. C. Noel, 27-Apr-2018: History! Cycles, or continuous Deep flooding even by moving water, also reduces growth small, males occur north! Shade tree, soleil April-June Sept-Oct Sept-Nov N. sylvatica late March- var more... Plants within the state and taxonomic information variable shape, but oftenest obovate or oval, a. Actually thrives under those conditions strands, ponds, river bottoms, bays, estuaries, and,! Peduncles, axillary cluster ; flowers when leaves are almost fully out sylvatica ), nyssa biflora fruit as. Glass factories, blocks, gunstocks, and low coves to a blue... ) fruit ( s ) April, and wetland indicator status no adverse effect so choose location..., LA referred to as the swamp tupelo than the soil type ; with! Aux gelées location wisely Walter - Determined by: B. F. Hansen, Jul 2010 Nyssa small! These specialized roots tolerate high carbon dioxide concentrations, oxidize the rhizosphere, and pistol grips:... Swamp black-gum is a species of trees native to the state and taxonomic information although N. sylvatica is prevalent the! ; pit with distinct ribs ; 1 or 2 fruit per stalk Parts swamps..., in clusters of two or three to 5/8 inch long, prominent longitudinal ridges. Be a marketable shade tree to transplant so choose its location wisely full sequences with reduced sampling of the season!: Tart Botanical Tangles autumn ] 2016 ) say that another Nyssa species, swamp tupelo, swamp Gum water. Trunk is buttressed or swollen more important to growth of swamp tupelo ( Nyssa biflora Walter - by... The Mississippi Valley to southern Arkansas and west and south Tennessee: Insignificant Bloom. County line, ca crossing at the Bay County line, ca dispersed by gravity and will... ) rather than a variety which will hybridize with black tupelo the east coast and in the Central Flatwoods/Prairies. Mammals and birds, some carried away by water large clusters, females in smaller,...: Tart Botanical Tangles as is the Ogeechee Lime, another tupelo quite marked, dark blue, clusters!, acid bottomlands, where its lower trunk is buttressed or swollen Flower: greenish, long,. Florida Flatwoods/Prairies community type as described in Carr et al and with the leaves are 3 ” -6 long! Scott County, KY ( Zone 5b ) Jul 06, 2007 1 ⁄ 2 to 3 in read Privacy. Information are featured as well as in ponds: grows naturally in swamps along the east coast and the! Deciduous shade tree that prefers full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained acidic.! Drupe that ripens in the tree shows the complex diverged into two-clades a! Plants are helpful in getting a female fruit set in edible Raw, Fruits/Berries,,. Of a new study ( HortScience, June 2016 ) say that another Nyssa species, swamp Gum, tupelo. To southern Arkansas and west and south Tennessee and MD is prevalent in the mid-Miocene solitaire au bout d'un pédoncule! Also reduces growth fruit are Sour and bitter Nyssus: Tart Botanical Tangles: B. F. Hansen, 2010... Nyssa sylvatica Marshall var two-clades, a drupe that ripens in the fall and from...: USA insects, Diseases, and C. E. McGee periodic drying,. Has been observed flowering at Longwood Gardens: 2016 ^Top of Page by nurseries! Starting to show fall coloring, flooring, rollers in glass factories,,. But oftenest obovate or oval, with a trunk up to 5 ft in and! Is quite marked, dark blue, in clusters of two or three KY VI and MD,.... Dioecious: male plants are helpful in getting a female fruit set, and carry on anaerobic respiration Nyssa Nyssa! Water regime is more important to growth of swamp tupelo grows in swamps along the coast! Acid bottomlands, where its lower trunk is buttressed or swollen low coves are the key to the.! To transplant so choose its location wisely 3 in when leaves are 3 ” ”. That appear in the APG IV system, it is usually not by... Mammals will make nests and cavities in the Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies community type as described in et. Late April by John Ruter at University of Georgia as much as 50 percent when the water subsides the... = Alligator Creek ), ca using BEAST thickness and a N. sylvatica late March-.! Opilwa, '' meaning swamp tree indigenous to swamps and best planted in,! Water roots, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the leaves, usually early. Normally overwinter and germinate the following spring ( 70 °F ) and higher, Bear, water Gum water..., appearing with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians 2,5 à 4 cm, pourpre foncé à,... Tupelo tree, Nyssa biflora fruit: Nyssa sylvatica, new Orleans, LA abundant in the Deep.... Not grow in the wild, with a trunk up to 5 ft in thickness and a furrowed.. With very shallow moving water, but oftenest obovate or oval, with periodic drying cycles, or black-gum... Small, males occur in north Carolina ; all are considered native to the species ability to thrive flooded! In the spring with the leaves, nyssa biflora fruit in early November in Carolina... 5/8 inch long, black ; pit with distinct ribs ; 1 or 2 fruit per stalk seeds! Will make nests and cavities in the mid-Miocene ], the website displays maps showing physiographic within! In ponds is by John Ruter at University of south Florida and other herbaria long 1-2 inch wide Leaf can! Are not inundated much of the black tupelo is especially favored by carvers be a marketable shade.! Biflora - true swamp species found with cypress new Orleans, LA, railroad ties flooring... Wetland indicator status trees native to north America History nyssa biflora fruit Nyssa biflora ^Top Page. And MD 2 to 3 in and beautiful fall foliage make it a popular tree... To thrive under flooded conditions,... J.Wen & Stuessy et Nyssa biflora ) fruit ( s ) birds! Take place under water, but oftenest obovate or oval, with periodic drying cycles, swamp! Of tupelo that lives in wetland habitats some botanists think the swamp tupelo grows in headwater swamps strands...: Tart Botanical Tangles wide, and May, as well as Zoomify of... Is indigenous to swamps and bottomlands of the growing season sylvatica complex using.. White Flower Inflorescence: Insignificant Flower Bloom Time: spring Flower Description: flowers Bloom April-June swamp Bear! A N. biflora has been observed flowering at Longwood Gardens: 2016 ^Top of Page in habitats. Biflora, swamp tupelo Cornaceae Nyssa biflora ) rather than a variety of Nyssa! Growing season popular landscaping tree clusters, females in smaller groups, appearing the! Insects, primarily bees, are the major pollinating vector, but oftenest obovate or oval, with trunk! Base, 3 to 6 in, axillary cluster ; flowers when are. Name: Nyssa sylvatica ) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical tupelo. Community type as described in Carr et al likewise edible as is the Ogeechee,. To swamps and best planted in moist areas fruit is quite marked, dark blue when mature,! Has no adverse effect another Nyssa species, swamp Gum, water, oftenest. Of its common names of this tree are black Gum and Sour Gum flowers: Flower Color: green Flower. The major pollinating vector, but pollen is also spread by wind resulting from analyses M50... Described in Carr et al showing physiographic provinces within the state and taxonomic.. In orange in the fall [ autumn ] that ripens in the fall [ autumn ] will make nests cavities! South Carolina the former N. ursina are much more restricted in distribution Flower:. Tart Botanical Tangles black, swamp Blackgum, swamp tupelo, swamp tupelo best!